Rights at School
Within the law, there are specific procedural safeguards to protect your child's rights. If you and the school disagree on the placement, educational program or other areas surrounding your child's education, you may want to utilize one or more of the following approaches:
- Discussion or conference with school staff. Staff may include the teachers, counselors or principal.
- An Individualized Education Plan (IEP) review. You may request an IEP review at any time.
- Negotiation or mediation. Mediation is a voluntary process as described in IDEIA in which a neutral third person (mediator) assists parties (parents and the school) to work together to resolve their dispute. All states must have a mediation process that meets the requirements of IDEIA, including maintaining a list of qualified mediators and bearing the cost of the mediation process. Neither party is required to use mediation. The mediator cannot force either party to accept a resolution to the dispute. If a mutually satisfactory agreement is reached on some or all of the issues, a written agreement is set forth. Discussions that occur in mediation are confidential and may not be used as evidence in subsequent proceedings. Mediation must be available as a dispute resolution option, but may not be used to deny or delay the parental right to a due process hearing.
- Due process hearing. You may request a due process hearing if you do not agree with your child's identification, evaluation, or educational placement. This is a legal proceeding, and you should obtain legal advice.
- Complaint resolution procedures. Any individual or organization may file a complaint alleging that the local educational agency has violated a requirement of IDEIA. The complaint must be written and signed, and must cite the specific IDEIA requirement that was violated and the facts upon which the allegation is made. The state educational agency must resolve the issues of the complaint within 60 calendar days after it is filed.
After the IEP Is Completed
Once the IEP is completed, ongoing communication between school and parents is essential to a child's success. The family and school need to work together for the child to receive maximum benefit. The IEP is a working document that can change. It should represent a program flexible enough to respond to the changing needs and skills of the person with autism. The IEP team can meet to discuss changes or additions to a child's plan at any time. The child's parents or school representatives may request a meeting when either party feels the IEP needs to be adjusted to a child's current needs.
Many parents seek out assistance from education or disability advocates. To help you better understand your child's rights under federal law and more effectively communicate with professionals regarding your child's education, each state has a federally funded Parent Training Information Center (PTI) that provides information and assistance to parents facing the educational process. PTIs are designed to teach parents basic advocacy techniques and encourage them to become full participants in their child's education. These organizations, which are sometimes administered through other disability organizations such as Easter Seals or the ARC, can help parents gain confidence in advocating for their children's rights. Many useful support agencies can be found in the Autism Society's online database, Autism Source, where you can search by organization name, within a state, county, town, or radius of your zipcode.
Every state also has a Protection and Advocacy Agency. Originally, these agencies were set up to protect individuals with disabilities from abuse and neglect; however, their scope is much broader now. In many of the agencies, their advocacy centers around helping families obtain free, appropriate, public education for their children. State Protection and Advocacy Agencies offer training, case management, and legal counsel in many instances. You can find contact information for the Protection and Advocacy agency in your state in the Autism Society's online database, Autism Source. Select your state and enter Protection and Advocacy into the keyword search field.
The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is also a resource of information on education rights. If you have a question regarding IDEIA and can't get an answer in your state, you may write OSEP for clarification of the law. Contact OSEP directly at the Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW, Mail Stop 2651, Washington, DC 20202; phone: 202-245-7459.
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